National Army Museum, Waiouru, New Zealand : Military History & Army War Museum

NZ Wars Armstrong 40 Pounder Gun

A reporter from the Westport News recently contacted the National Army Museum in the pursuit of trying to find out what ever happened to a 40 pounder artillery gun that used to stand in Victoria Park in Westport. Much to their delight we realised it was in fact the same gun that now sits in front of the museum here in Waiouru.

In 1863 two 40-pounder Rifled Breech Loading (RBL) Armstrong field guns were landed in New Zealand along with their 6, 9 and 12 pound contemporaries.  These guns equipped 3 Battery, 4 Brigade of the Royal Artillery.  The Armstrong 40 Pounder guns first saw action at the battle for Mere Mere and were in the process of being moved to the siege at Rangiriri when they became stuck.  Because of their weight they were both moved to Auckland and in 1870 were sold to the New Zealand Government, rather than be taken back to England.

The two 40-pounders were sited at North Head for coastal defence until one was destroyed in an explosion in 1878.  In 1895 the last 40-pounder was moved to Takapuna for storage where it lay until 1903. At which time it was shipped to Westport to defend the port should the Russian Pacific Fleet try to take fuel (coal) by force.  In 1906 the threat had passed and the gun was moved to Westport’s Victoria Park as a monument to the Boer War.

When the original carriage collapsed the barrel was moved to the Council yard until it was donated to the National Army Museum.

Calibre:   120 mm

Weight:   1,803 kg