In 1960 the National Liberation Front (NLF) of South Vietnam was formed to attract southerners with grievances against their government. It became known as the Viet Cong (VC) meaning Communist Vietnamese. With assistance from the North, the Viet Cong co-ordinated small-scale attacks against the government of Ngo Dinh Diem.
Viet Cong activity escalated over the next 5 years and after the United States’ bombing of North Vietnamin February of that year, the Viet Cong had a new enemy to focus upon.
The guerilla movement, under the control of the Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN), became a highly effective army against the American and other Allied Forces. The Viet Cong were supplied with Russian and Chinese supplies and weapons that were ferried down the Ho Chi Minh Trail.